Rotary Matching Grants
Matching Grants with the Rotary Club of Chandigarh Central 2008 - 2011
Rotary Matching Grant project partnership with John Hughes from the Rotary Club of Royal Leamington Spa and Navjit Aulakh from the Rotary Club of Chandigarh Central
The Water Harvesting Projects Navjit and John put together were in the village of Binu in the mountainous region of the foothills of the Himalayas around Solan in 2007-2009 and the second was to create 3 water retention tanks in 3 schools around Chandigarh
Below you can read about the projects and how we raised the funds:
The following photographs are of the village and surounding countryside in 2007 when the need for water retention was paramount to its survival. Much rain but it all runs away
The project was to reroof some of the houses in the village, put in drainage systems and water retention tanks so that the villagers could irrigate all 60 hectares of their land and become self-sufficient
A matching grant was needed to raise the funds and a consortium of 4 Rotary Clubs joined forces. Rotary Club of Chandigarh Central: Rotary Club of Solan Midtown: Rotary Club of Royal Leamington Spa in the UK and Rotary Club of Plano Metro in Texas, USA
TO COMPLETE OUR RAIN WATER HARVESTING PROJECT - FIRST WE HAVE TO RAISE THE FUNDS AND WE CAME UP WITH THE IDEA OF A WATER CARRY
The aim is to bring back as much water without spilling it as a child would have to do in India or Africa, therefore the child who completes the course in the shortest time with the most water will win.
How it works:
The Kids will start from the Band Stand in Pump Room Gardens and follow a course through the Pump Rooms Gardens; across the River Leam; along York Walk; under Adelaide Bridge; behind the bowling greens to the car park at Victoria Park; turn left around the tennis courts and behind the bowling greens where they will re-join the outward route to go back under Adelaide Bridge and across the River Leam to finish in the marquee outside the Pump Rooms.
The kids will be supplied with a washing-up bowl to carry the water
The kids will have a hospital type wristband with their number on it. There will be a running scoreboard showing the kid’s number; name; time out; time in and fluid ounces of water measured.
The scoring will be the time taken to complete the course less the measured amount of water at the finish. Should a child throw all the water away and run he cannot win as the calculation will automatically work against them. The child with the lowest or minus score will be the winner. This teaches the kids that water is more important than time.
Examples of times:
- Time taken 30 minutes 20 seconds less 00 fluid ounces = 30.2:
- Time taken 40 minutes 30 seconds less 20 fluid ounces = 20.3:
- Time taken 50 minutes 10 seconds less 40 fluid ounces = 10.1:
- Time taken 60 minutes 40 seconds less 60 fluid ounces = 00.4:
- Time taken 70 minutes 50 seconds less 80 fluid ounces = Minus 10.5:
A prize will be given to the winner of each school year.
A printed certificate will be given to each child who completes the course. Their name will be written on the certificate when they register their water and hand in their wristband.
BELOW ARE THE 2 PROJECTS WE COMPLETED FOLLOWING OUR FUNDRAISER
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECT:-
Solan is known for its Mushroom farming and other cash crops like Tomato’s, Peas, Cabbage and other vegetables cultivated mainly by small & marginal farmers. Situated on the NH-22, the town is mid point between Kalka Shimla and thus strategically located. Though its South and North-East areas have many water sources but few villages lying in the South East area have only a little bit of potable water. The interiors of Kandaghat Sadhupul, Junga belts just below the famous hill station of Chail have shortage of water sources. Though this area gets good rainfall but due to hilly region and hardly any facilities to harvest the rain, force the people to get one crop which is purely dependent upon Monsoons. Though this area has small amount of rainfall during winter also but that is goes waste due to lack of any facilities to collect that.
In the hilly region due to massive deforestation the ground water level, which is otherwise very difficult to tap, has considerably gone down. Though the Government agencies as well as NGO have introduced water harvesting through water shed schemes putting up check dams etc. but they have been found to be less successful due to slope of rivulets. This slope increases the speed of water during heavy rains resulting in breaches in the dams. Those dams are then seldom repaired resulting in collusive loss of the efforts, time and money. Therefore, the best way to go in for harvesting of rainwater is through rooftop harvesting. Though wherever possible concrete channels can also be made on slopes to catch the rainwater and direct it to big reservoirs.
In the instant case ROTARY SOLAN MIDTOWN has done a survey and identified a village, which is 4 Km on the link road from Sadhupul on Sadhupul-Junga road. Sadhupul is a small village on Kandaghat-Chail road. The setup of this village is:
Four km from Sadhupul on Kandaghat Chail road about 20 km from Tehsil Head Quarter and 35 km from Distt. Head Quarters.
SOCIAL STAUS BACKWARD CLASS 80%
MALE/FEMALE RATIO 55/65
TOTAL LAND 500 BIGHAS
LAND USE AREA UNDER CULTIVATION 200 BIGHAS
CROPS Vegetables - PEAS, TOMATOOS, GINGER & CAPSICUM
WASTE LAND WHICH CAN BE CONVERTED TO FARMING 200 BIGHAS
TOPOGRAPHY HILLY REGION, SLOPE
ATTITUDE 1300 MTS
FOREST BUSH, CONIFER, FODDER TREES
SOIL SANDY LOME, HOT VERY FERTILE
HYDEROLOGY WATER SOURCES ONE SMALL SOURCES
FOR DRINKING RAIN FED STREAMS ONLY
RAINFALL CYCLE TOTAL PRECIPITAION-ABOUT 983MM ANNUALY
PRECRIPTION ONLY FOR 91 DAYS OUT OF 365 DAYS
AGRICULTURE ANALYSIS FARMING PRACTICES ARE TRADITIONAL
MIXED WITH MODERN FACILITIES LIKE
USE OF CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS ETC.
Considering the Topography of the area it will be advisable to install harvesting of rainwater through rooftops only.
ROTARY SOLAN MIDTOWN proposes to install Roof Top rainwater Harvesting System in the village. The village only has less than enough potable water and is totally dependent upon rain for agriculture needs, hence ROTARY SOLAN MIDTOWN proposes to install this project to raise the living standard of this village from object poverty to sustainable level.
The Club plans to construct 2 tanks of at least 1 Lac litter capacity each at the cost of US 5000 each and to ready the 40 odd dwellings in the village the cost of roofing, thus repairs wherever roof is in good condition, pipes, storm drains and the connecting open channels will cost around US 300 per dwelling.
The total cost thus would come out to 22000 $ if approved. The Club plans to meet the cost of US$ 5000 from DDF from Distt 3080 and US$5000 by looking for a Co-sponsor club from out side India and balance amount can be met by funding from TRF by way of grant and its own contribution.
PROJECT COST: US $
2 Tanks of 1 Lac Litters each @ $ 5000/tank 5000X2=10,000
Cost of installing the system on 40 dwelling
Inclusive of connect channels connecting the
Individuals dwelling to the tank @ $ 300/dwelling 40X300=12,000
Total: US$ 22,000
ROTARY MIDTOWN Contribution 3,000
Distt-3080 DDF 5,000
Rotary Clubs of Royal Leamington Spa 2,500
and Plano Metro Club Contribution 2,500
TRF Contribution 9,000
Total: US$ 22,000
The project was extremely sucessful and the village is now self-sufficient with the surplus crops being sold in the local markets to finance their way of life. Below are some of the photographs taken during the constriction of the tanks
Rain Water Harvesting Project in 3 schools in Chandogarh, Northern India 2010-2012
Introduction & Purpose
Chandigarh is the capital of States of Haryana & Punjab. The Population of the town as per 2001 census is 6,00,000. It is gateway to state Himachal Pradesh. The population of town is cosmopolitan. The civic authorities are tacking larger issues like sanitation, supply of water & other infrastructure areas. The increasing population has increasing load on civic infrastructure, which has resulted in depletion of water table at the fast rate of 2-3ft every year. Presently the water table is encountered at the depth of 250-300ft from the ground level. The Present alarming scenario calls for immediate steps so that the water table does not fall further. The situation is fast deteriorating as in other areas around Chandigarh the potable water table has fallen to 200 – 300 ft.
Rain water harvesting is one such technique in which precipitation in the from of rain water is collected and can be stored or put to directly recharge into the ground water in areas where rain fall occur throughout the year, barring a few periods, one can make use of small size storage tanks for storing rainwater, since the period between two spells of rain is short. On the other hand, in areas where the majority of the rainfall occurs during 3 to 4 months of monsoon, the storage will require large size storage tanks and therefore it may be better to use rainwater to re-charge ground water sources. However, a combination of two systems may have to be adopted where hydro-geology of the area makes recharging uneconomical because of deeper aquifers and nature of strata etc. Since Chandigarh falls in the zone where majority of rain fall occurs during 3 to 4 months of Monsoon, the storage will require large size storage tanks and therefore it would be much better to use rain water to recharge in to the ground water by artificial means.
Artificial recharge to ground water is a process by which the ground wear reservoir is augmented at a rate exceeding that under natured conditions of replenishment. Any man-made scheme or facility that adds water to an aquifer may be an artificial recharge system. Rainwater harvesting through artificial recharge is a concept in which surplus rainwater is injected to ground water for augmenting the ground water reservoir and for improving the ground water quality. Different types of recharge techniques such as surface, sub surface, combination of surface- subsurface and induced recharge techniques are used which are as under: -
- Recharges Pits.
- Recharges Trenches.
- Abandoned Dug wells.
- Hand pumps.
- Recharge wells.
- Recharge Shafts.
- Lateral Shafts with Bore Wells.
- Spreading techniques like percolation ponds, check dams, nala bunds, cement plugs.
Considering the economics and requirement, the recharge wells seam to the best technique of rainwater harvesting which can be adopted in the Chandigarh. In this technique recharge wells of around 300 mm diameter are generally constructed for recharging the deeper water bearing strata and surface run off and roof top rain water diverted to recharge well for recharge to ground water. The run of water is passed through filter media to avoid choking of recharge well.
One such recharge well would cost around Rs 3.5 lacs each. The cost may increase or decrease depending upon the depth of first available water bearing strata and would approximately cater to 0.5 Sq Km. Area.
The Club plans to construct at least 3 recharge wells which would cost it around Rs. 10,50,000 (Appx.US$ 21,500). For this 2 sites have already been identified (1) School for the Blind, Sector 26, Chandigarh (2) Sacred Heart School, Sector 26, Chandigarh. It plans to meet the cost of US$ 2,500 by self-contribution & US$ 3,500from the DDF from the Distt. (RID-3080). US$ 2,500 from International co-sponsor partner club & US$ 3,500$ a co-sponsor International partner club District and the balance amount shall be met by arranging the funds from TRF by way of matching grant.
The Distt Governor -3080 has principally agreed to provide funds from DDF and if a Rotary Club Co-sponsors the project we plan to move application to TRF for the matching grant. On approval the Club shall immediately move head to undertake the project to serve Mankind.
Four Wells & related closed underground piping 7,166.7-X4 US $ 21,500- Appx
RC Chandigarh Central contribution 2,500
D-3080 DDF 3,500
International Partner Rotary Club of Royal Leamington Spa and 2,500
International Partner Rotary Club Alcester UK
District DDF contribution 3,500
TRF (Rotary Fund) Contribution 9,500
The project was completed in 2012 and all the Rotary Clubs wish to thank everyone who contributed to these 2 magnificant programmes